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 How to setup a Redis cluster in multi data center environment?

Mustafa Kaman's profile image
Mustafa Kaman posted May 17, 2019 09:12 AM

Hi all,

We have, in our company, two datacenters running in two different cities of Turkey.

And we want to setup a Redis cluster running on these data centers at the same time in an active active manner.

We want to use redis as a distributed cache, not as a datastore. User sessions and mostly read-only data will be stored there. 

On a daily basis two data centers will operate for both applications and Redis side. Applications will do read/write operations on Redis.

There may be some cases that we completely shutdown one datacenter and continue to operate on the other without breaking the applications logic and without doing additional work. 

This is due to a legal obligation for our company to implement such a disaster scenario periodically.

With a similar approach, while application side may be running on two data centers, at one point, we may shutdown the Redis nodes on one of the datacenters and continue on the other.

So, for our case the Sentinel solution seems to be NOT appropriate for us. Because, in order for sentinel nodes operate properly it is a must to reach to "the number of majority of the Sentinel processes".

From sentinel doc: "Sentinel never starts a failover if the MAJORITY of Sentinel processes are unable to talk"

Assuming that we locate 5 sentinel nodes in dc-1 and 5 sentinel nodes in-dc-2 (with master - slave groups in two datacenters) and we completely shutdown dc-1, then we cannot reach sufficient number of sentinel nodes to do failover properly.

And locating majority of the sentinels in one datacenter is not a solution due to the possibility of shutting down that datacenter completely.

Alternatively, running the Redis in Cluster Mode in data centers, without sentinel, seems to work for us.

We can have 3 Masters in one data center each of which has 5 slaves. And 2 of these slaves are located in one dc and the three slaves are on the other dc.

The reason for locating masters on one datacenter is that we dont want to do additional work (manual data resharding operations especially) on that data center's switch/failover scenarios.

I added a draw of our intentional diagram.


Is our solution proper? Is there any best practice for our case? We would like to see any alternative solutions.


Thanks in advance.

Daniel Mikusa's profile image
Daniel Mikusa

I don't know that anyone can guarantee your solution. The scope of that is way too large.


My suggestion would be that you think through possible failure scenarios, determine how your system would react to those and determine if that is OK for your business needs. You would also likely want to actually test the system through a number of these scenarios to determine it works how you expect it to work as well. Things don't always go as expected in practice.


Sorry, probably not the answer you wanted but that's the best I can give through a forum like this.

gaurav narayan's profile image
gaurav narayan

I am using redis cluster with 3 master and 6 slaves. So, i want 1 master and 1 slave in local site and another slave at geo site. So, how to ensure that when master failover occurs then priority of becoming new master is given to that local site instead of geo site. Any idea for handling my scenerio.